Apsit 

Latvian Collecting

Technotes

Latvian, Cyrillic, Estonian, Polish Unicode characters

Latvian capital A macron, Ā , is Ā
Ā ā Ć ć Č č Ē ē Ģ ģ
Ā ā Ć ć Č č Ē ē Ģ ģ
Ī ī Ķ ķ Ļ ļ Ł ł Ņ ņ
Ī ī Ķ ķ Ļ ļ Ł ł Ņ ņ
Ō ō Ŗ ŗ Š š Ū ū Ž ž
Ō ō Ŗ ŗ Š š Ū ū Ž ž


Lithuanian capital A ogonek, Ą , is Ą
Ą ą Č č Ė ė Ę ę Į į
Ą ą Č č Ė ė Ę ę Į į
Š š Ū ū Ų ų Ž ž    
Š š Ū ū Ų ų Ž ž    


Cyrillic capital I, И , is И
Ё Є І Ї Ј А Б В
Ё Є І Ї Ј А Б В
ё є і ї ј а б в
ё є і ї ј а б в
Г Д Е Ж З И Й К
Г Д Е Ж З И Й К
г д е ж з и й к
г д е ж з и й к
Л М Н О П Р С Т
Л М Н О П Р С Т
л м н о п р с т
л м н о п р с т
У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Ъ
У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Ъ
у ф х ц ч ш щ ъ
у ф х ц ч ш щ ъ
Ы Ь Э Ю Я а б в
Ы Ь Э Ю Я а б в
ы ь э ю я ў Ѣ ѣ
ы ь э ю я ў Ѣ ѣ

Estonian capital A diaeresis, Ä, is Ä
Ä ä Ö ö Ü ü Õ õ
Ä ä Ö ö Ü ü Õ õ

Polish capital Z with dot above, Ż, is Ż
Ł ł Ó ó Ź ź Ż ż
Ł ł Ó ó Ź ź Ż ż

Ulo Randpalu of Wisconsin, USA, wrote that he enters Estonian characters by pressing NumLock and holding down Alt, typing +0196 on the numeric keypad for upper case A diaeresis, etc.. This works because Estonian characters are part of the Unicode Latin-1 Supplement, and thus in most North American fonts. Neither Latvian nor Lithuanian nor Cyrillic characters are in the Latin-1 Supplement. Latvian and Lithuanian are in Latin Extended-A; the Cyrillic are in the Cyrillic set. Few North American fonts contain these.

Glyph List 4 and embedded font characters

We use Microsoft's Verdana font with Glyph List 4 [WGL4], which includes Latvian, Cyrillic, and many other Unicode characters.

Microsoft's TrueType core fonts for the web, including the Verdana font with WGL4 characters for Windows 9x, NT, 2000, and XP, were free downloads before September of 2002. They are included in Windows XP. Microsoft's Verdana, Georgia, and Trebuchet fonts show Latvian and Cyrillic and other European Unicode characters very well.

The WGL4 Verdana font does not include Cyrillic characters Ѣ and ѣ, the capital and small letter yat, but the text on Czarist revenue stamps includes them. They were discontinued after the 1918 Russian revolution. In transcriptions of Cyrillic text these yat characters may appear in a different font or as lozenges.

Browsers

Current browsers such as Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Opera 6 correctly view and print these pages. Internet Eplorer 6 may need a reboot to print correctly.


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New 2001 March 21; updated Fri, 2010-02-05 .
Copyright © 2002 to 1010, Bill Apsit.